Legal Requirements

The legislation of specific
relevance to electrical maintenance is the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974, the Management of Health & Safety at Work
Regulations 1999
, the Electricity at Work Regulations
1989
, the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations
1992
and the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations
1998.

The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 puts the duty of care upon both the employer and
the employee to ensure the safety of all persons using the work premises. This
includes the self employed.

The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999 states:

“Every employer shall make
suitable and sufficient assessment of:

  • (a) the risks to the health and safety of his
    employees to which they are exposed whilst at work, and
  • (b) the risks to ensure the health and safety
    of persons not in his employment arising out of or in connection with the
    conduct by him or his undertaking.”

The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 states:

“Every employer shall ensure
that work equipment is maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working
order and in good repair.”

The PUWER 1998 covers most risks
that can result from using work equipment. With respect to risks from
electricity, compliance with the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 is likely
to achieve compliance with the PUWER 1998.

PUWER 1998 only applies to work
equipment used by workers at work. This includes all work equipment (fixed,
transportable or portable) connected to a source of electrical energy. PUWER
does not apply to fixed installations in a building. The electrical safety of
these installations is dealt with only by the Electricity at Work Regulations.

The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 states:

“All systems shall at all
times be of such construction as to prevent, so far as reasonably practicable,
such danger.”

“As may be necessary to
prevent danger, all systems shall be maintained so as to prevent, so far as
reasonably practicable, such danger.”

“‘System’ means an
electrical system in which all the electrical equipment is, or may be,
electrically connected to a common source of electrical energy and includes
such source and such equipment”

“‘Electrical Equipment’
includes anything used, intended to be used or installed for use, to generate,
provide, transmit, transform, rectify, convert, conduct, distribute, control,
store, measure or use electrical energy.”

Scope of the legislation

It is clear that the combination
of the HSW Act 1974, the PUWER 1998 and the EAW Regulations 1989 apply to all
electrical equipment used in, or associated with, places of work. The scope
extends from distribution systems down to the smallest piece of electrical
equipment.

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